Huawei launched the world’s first 5G Chipset and first 5G CPE at MWC 2018 in Barcelona yesterday. According to Huawei official sayings, the 5G chipset model is Balong 5G01, which makes Huawei the first company offering an end-to-end 5G solution through its network, devices, and chipset-level capabilities.
As the world’s first commercial terminal device, Huawei 5G CPE supports 3GPP 5G Standards with Huawei developed 5G chipset Balong 5G01, which it labelled as being the world’s first commercial 3GPP 5G chipset supporting download speeds of up to 2.3Gbps across sub-6GHz and millimetre-wave (mmWave) spectrum bands. The 5G CPE comes in a sub-6GHz model and an mmWave model, Huawei announced. This device marks a milestone as Huawei sets the stage for the next generation of wireless connectivity.
The HUAWEI 5G CPE has two models, low frequency (sub6GHz) 5G CPE and high frequency (mmWave) 5G CPE respectively. The HUAWEI low frequency 5G CPE is small and lightweight, compatible with 4G and 5G networks, and has proven measured download speeds of up to 2Gbps – 20 times that of 100Mbps fiber. This provides an ultra-fast experience, allowing users to enjoy VR video and gaming experiences, or download a TV show within a second. The HUAWEI high frequency 5G CPE is available in indoor and outdoor units.
“mmWave technology will be an important tool in ensuring widespread deployment of 5G technology in Canada. Huawei’s 5G solutions and terminals will enable 5G coverage over a neighbourhood or small community cost effectively, while providing more convenient and high-speed home broadband Internet access services.” said Dr. Wen Tong, Huawei Fellow, and CTO Huawei Wireless, “This friendly user trial will drive the global 3GPP unified 5G standard and build a solid foundation for the 5G early commercialization.”
“5G technology will underpin the next leap forward for our intelligent world, where people, vehicles, homes and devices are fully connected, delivering new experiences, insights and capabilities,” said Richard Yu, CEO of Huawei Consumer Business Group. “Since 2009, Huawei has invested US$600 million in research and development into 5G technologies, where we have led the way with innovations around network architecture, spectrum usage, field verification and more. From connected vehicles and smart homes to AR/VR and hologram videos, we are committed to developing a mature 5G ecosystem so that consumers can benefit from a truly connected world that transforms the way we communicate and share.”
Till the November 2017, Netgear Nighthawk M1 was always the fastest 4G LTE Pocket WiFi in market. With the support of download speed of 1Gigabit per second and 150Mbps for upload, Netgear Nighthawk M1 is very popular in the users who are looking for high speed terminals to work with LTE advanced Pro networks. With the release of a new 4G LTE Mobile Hotspot Huawei E5788, Netgear Nighthawk M1 has a challenging competitor.
Huawei E5 mobile hotspots are always the most popular wireless routers all over the world. Now the most advanced Huawei E5788 comes with Huawei advanced LTE technology. Today we will have a look at what the new LTE hotspot bring to us and what’s the difference between the two Gigabit LTE mobile routers.
If you already known the Netgear Nighthawk M1, you may know the Netgear Nighthawk M1 is in square shape with LAN port. The Huawei E5788 doesn’t have the LAN port, it seems to be upgraded from the Huawei E5786 LTE cat6 mobile hotspot. Huawei E5788 has a 2.4 inch colorful touch screen to show the information about connection in square shape while Netgear Nighthawk M1 has also same size screen but in round shape. The power button of Netgear Nighthawk M1 is to switch the menu.
The SIM card slot of Huawei E5788 is at the side of the device while the Nighthawk M1 design the SIM card slot in the inner part under the battery, which is similar to the predecessor Netgear Aircard 810s. They both have two TS-9 connectors for external 4G LTE antenna in case of use in weak signal areas.
The Huawei E5788 has built-in battery of 3000mAh while the Netgear Nighthawk M1 has removable battery of 5040mAh. What’s more, the Nighthawk M1 can charge other electric devices on the large battery. Whether the Huawei E5788 has same function is not mentioned by the official sayings.
We summarize the main technical features of the two high-level LTE mobile routers as below:
— Telstra Version: Band 1/3/7/8/28
— AT&T Version: Band 1/2/3/4/5/7/12/29/30/66
802.11a/b/g/n/ac, dual-band 2.4GHz & 5GHz
802.11a/b/g/n/ac, dual-band 2.4GHz & 5GHz
Max support users
4 X 4 MIMO
4 X 4 MIMO
Connector for external antenna
No external antenna connector
Two, TS-9 jacks
Huawei Hilink APP
Netgear Aircard APP
129 x 65 x 13.5mm
105.5 x 105.5 x 20.35 mm
From the technical specifications, we can see the two Gigabit LTE routers have very similar functions. The supported LTE frequency bands are different for various LTE networks in different areas. Here now, the Netgear Nighthawk M1 is available in the market and has gained very good reputation. The Huawei E5788u-96a(first released model) is not yet available. But we suppose it would be available son around the beginning of 2018. And who will be the winner, the market will tell.
With the development of wireless networks, 5G network is approaching. It’s said 5G networks will be available. The wireless industry leaders such as Qulacomm and Intel are planning the new products to meet the network upgrade. Last month, Qualcomm Inc. has announced that they have successfully trialed a 5G data connection on their X50 5G modem. Qualcomm says during their trial they were able to successfully establish a 5G data connection on the X50 modem using 28GHz mmWave frequency band, with download speeds reaching over a gigabit per second.
Intel is also following the trend for 5G network. A couple of days ago, Intel also announced the Intel XMM 8000 series, which is its first family of 5G new radio (5G NR) multi-mode commercial modems. The XMM8060 is the first modem of the XMM 8000 series. Intel also announced its latest LTE modem, the Intel XMM7660, which will be made available in 2019.
Intel XMM8060 is the company’s first commercial 5G modem as a competitor to Qualcomm X50 5G modem. As the typical feature, the Intel XMM8060 is also multi-mode supporting full 5G non-standalone and standalone NR, as well as various 2G, 3G and 4G legacy modes. Thus enabling devices to work in different locations, including large cities with 5G standalone NR (this may be a distant future) as well as rural areas that have 2G or 3G networks. This is important as 5G availability will not be available everywhere all at once, and it will take years for its roll-out to complete, just like how it took years for 4G LTE to be adopted throughout the globe. The XMM8060 is expected to be adapted in customer devices since mide-2019 at earliest. As part of the announcement, the company reiterated its plans to offer a top-to-bottom XMM 8000 family of 5G modems for various applications, including smartphones, PCs, buildings and vehicles.
Intel has kept on developing LTE modems as well. With the Intel XMM8060, the XMM7660 4G LTE Modem was also presented as its second-generation Gigabit LTE modem capable of up to Cat 19 (1.6Gbps) downlink connections. It features MIMO, carrier aggregation, 256QAM and a broad range of band support. Intel expects commercial devices to adopt the XMM 7660 in 2019.
Intel says the series will enable a range of devices from PCs and phones to vehicles and fixed wireless consumer premise equipment to connect to 5G networks. And we will see when 5G coming.
Before 2020, no 5G networks will probably start, but the technical pillars of the next generation of mobile phones are becoming increasingly visible and mid-2018 5G should then be finally standardized in 3GPP Release 15. From the time of standardization,, network equipment suppliers and chip manufacturers can then quickly adapt their pre-standard hardware and software to UEs and deliver it to network operators and customers. How the way could look up to now and which specifications are expected to be part of the 5G standard, Dr. Ing. Peter Zhou, chief marketing officer for the Wireless Product Line at Huawei Enterprise, revealed at the Huawei Global Mobile Broadband Forum.
Goal: globally uniform 5G standard
The standardization organization 3GPP aims to define the first industry-wide 5G standard with Release 15. Various organizations are involved in the 3GPP, including the European ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute). A common standard is very important for 5G to be built around the world on the same technical foundation as 4G/LTE is. The timeline of the 3GPP, included as a graphic below, reveals that in June 2018 release 15 will be ready and thus the basis for 5G will have been created.
Huawei: Details about antenna technology at 5G
Exact specifications for 5G are as described only from June 2018 at the earliest. Peter Zhou from Huawei described how Huawei imagines the antenna technology at 5G: in the high-band range ( eg 3.5 GHz, C-band) should be at least 4 × 4 MIMO antenna technology mandatory, in the low-band range (eg less than 1.8 GHz) should be at least 2 × 2 MIMO expanded. So that 5G networks have to meet much for the minimum requirements. In the high-band sector, Zhou sees the future, but especially in Massive MIMO antenna technology, where, of course, in this assessment must also take into account that the network equipment with Massive MIMO antenna technology earns neat money. As a mandatory standard you will probably not see Massive MIMO at 5G/3GPP Rel. 15.
Huawei: 5G networks need to use AI
According to Dr. Zhou, it will be a key point that the 5G network technology with artificial intelligence (“AI”) is equipped. He said at the Mobile Broadband Forum in London: “AI is a core element in 5G networks. Mobile networks must become intelligent”.Here one can use the artificial intelligence in different areas of the net well: the transmitters could communicate constantly with each other, in order always to be able to get the optimum from the existing radio spectrum. For the customer, it is about the best possible network coverage and a high service quality, for the operator to the most efficient use of radio licenses and thus also to reduce costs. In other areas, one can well imagine the use of AI in the mobile network, for example, when it comes to edge computing or autonomous driving.
There is a strong tendency to override 5G, said Vodafone CTO Johan Wibergh at the Huawei Global Mobile Broadband Forum (HWMBBF) in London. The expectations of 5G are partially too big, on the other hand, many applications could also be implemented with LTE. He recalled that mobile phone generations are usually around 10 years up to date you can not say what will be possible in 2030 with 5G. Wibergh made a clear statement about UMTS: the 3G mobile phone network of Vodafone should be shut down in Europe from 2020.
4G Evolution and 5G New Radio
Many features that are currently often attributed to the next generation 5G mobile phones are easily possible with LTE, according to Vodafone CTO Wibergh. Gigabit speeds, very low latency times and IoT are easily possible with the latest LTE Advanced Pro (4.5G) networks. This is achieved by technologies such as 256QAM modulation, Massive MIMO antenna technology and bundling frequency ranges via carrier aggregation. Nevertheless, 5G offers tangible advantages, of course: with additional radio spectrum (“New Radio”), first in the range around 3.5 GHz, extremely high bandwidths become possible, for example. According to Wibergh, 5G is also about 10 times more cost-efficient than LTE.
UMTS will be switched off from 2020
A very interesting statement made by Vodafone CTO Wibergh on the topic of UMTS: the 3rd mobile generation should be switched off gradually in Europe from 2020, even before GSM/2G. The radio spectrum can be used much more efficiently with LTE or 5G.
The shutdown of 3G is unlikely to be noticeable to users, on the contrary, the transition to new technologies will be fluid. Vodafone uses its previously used exclusively spectrum in the range of 2100 megahertz for UMTS frequency, partly for LTE. This is likely to be the case more often in the future, as long as Vodafone acquires spectrum in the 2100 MHz range at the next frequency auction.
The development of the next mobile communication standard 5G is progressing. Now it becomes clear that the frequency range of around 3.5 gigahertz will be the basis for 5G mobile networks worldwide. Confirmed Eros Spadotto from Canadian provider TELUS at the Huawei Global Mobile Broadband Forum in London. Even the network outfitter Huawei pleads for this frequency range in a position paper, summarizes it at 3.3 to 4.2 GHz but something further. Frequency spectrum in the range between 3.4 GHz and 3.8 GHz will be awarded in 2018 in many European countries, including a corresponding frequency auction is planned in Germany. In Canada, according to TELUS, an auction is expected in 2019.
5G Network Frequency: 3.5 GHz to start
The frequency range around 3.5 GHz will be available worldwide in many countries for mobile phone use. However, the area is not exactly defined yet, in most countries preparations are currently underway for the allocation of frequencies to the mobile network operators and the exact “limits” of the auctioned radio spectrum are not yet known. Huawei speaks in its position paper from the C-band, more specifically between 3.3 to 4.2 and 4.4 to 5.0 GHz. In order to expand 5G networks in a timely manner, the core range between 3.3 and 3.8 gigahertz is important, according to Huawei, and should be made available to network providers as quickly as possible.
Some carriers in Europe uses the frequency range of 3.7 GHz in its 5G test network in Berlin, where it reaches speeds of 2 GBit/s, and the range is around 400 meters. The network provider expects the launch of the first 5G networks in exactly this frequency range, more specifically between 3.5 GHz and 3.9 GHz .
5G: more frequency ranges later
Although the range around 3.5 GHz will probably be used in many countries worldwide as a “base band” for 5G: significantly more radio spectrum is needed to achieve the need for bandwidth on the one hand and very good network coverage on the other. Huawei proposes three different “layers” in its position paper: the 3.5 GHz band should be sufficient as a “coverage and capacity layer” for most applications. On the other hand, very high speeds will demand significantly more radio spectrum, which will then be made available in the “Super Data Laye ” – probably in the cmWave range around 28 gigahertz. Bruno Jacobfeuerborn, head of technology at Germany Telekom, assumes that at the start of 5G in the year 2020, this “super data layer” is not available, but only later expanded.
The third very important part in the 5G frequency spectrum is the so-called “Coverage Layer“. So the area with which a huge network coverage can be achieved. It does not depend on extremely high data rates, but on the fact that a basic supply of 5G can be made available almost everywhere. Huawei proposes in its position paper for the “Coverage Layer” the frequency range below 2 GHz, which is currently used by GSM, UMTS and LTE. It is conceivable, therefore, that the network operators integrated the existing LTE networks into their 5G networks, making LTE an integral part of 5G. According to Eros Spadotto, the Canadian provider TELUS assumes that the frequency range around 600 MHz will be used in North America for the “Coverage Layer” of 5G. In Europe, the area around 700 MHz is more likely to be used for this purpose.
A mobile wireless router named “Huawei E5788u-96a” from Chinese manufacturer Huawei Technologies (Huawei Technology) was released. According to the official sayings, it’s the world’s first LTE category 16 mobile hotspot with support of peak download speed up to 1Gbps(Gigabit Per Second). As the first Cat.16 Gigabit hotspot, it will improve access to high-quality video streaming, and facilitate emerging mobile virtual reality applications and experiences, and is a key step towards 5G.
With the advanced Qualcomm MDM9250 chipset using 6 LTE antennas design, Huawei E5788 MiFi could support full-band 4 x 4 MIMO, four carrier aggregation (4CC) and leading DL 256QAM modulation to download data at up to 1 Gbps as well as 64QAM and 2CA to upload data at up to 150 Mbps. It enables you to open online 4K HD movie in seconds. Comparing the predecessor Huawei E5786, the Huawei E5788u-96a could covers more 4G/LTE/3G frequency bands as below:
It should be emphasized that the Huawei E5788u-96a could support TD-LTE band 42(3500MHz). In the market, there are very few mobile terminals that support this band. As we know, there is only the Huawei E5776s-420 mobile 4G Router for band 42.
The display of Huawei E5788 has a color liquid crystal of about 2.4 inches and can be operated with a touch panel. Huawei E5788u-96a also supports Bluetooth 4.1 and Wireless LAN IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac (2.4 GHz and 5. x GHz Dual-Band). It is possible to connect 32 wireless LAN devices simultaneously. The battery of Huawei E5788 can keep working up to 10 hours! The Bluetooth data transmit and wake up function means users can access the internet through Bluetooth connection and save 40% battery life compared to Wi-Fi connection, extending the device power and standby time. It is also compatible with NFC, and by connecting a smartphone or the like compatible with NFC, it is easy to connect.
Currently, there is only the Netgear Nighthawk M1 which has similar specifications and could be a competitor to Huawei E5788u-96a, but according to the predecessor Huawei 4G mobile hotspots, we believe Huawei E5788 would be a new hot selling star. And we would take detail test on this new Gigabit mobile hotspot in near future.
In this article I would like to explain the concept or the technology carrier aggregation in connection with LTE. Carrier aggregation, in short CA , is an important component of the 3GPP release 10, and thus of LTE-Advanced ( LTE-A ), which was specified in 3GPP Release 10. LTE-A consists of several components, including CA, for example 8 × 8 MIMO, and LTE UE categories 6, 7 and 8.
In addition to a higher speed (up to about 1.2 gigabits per second downstream in LTE cat. 8 UE) compared to normal LTE, improved data rates on the cell edge are also a plus for LTE-A. However, in spite of various optimizations, one will need more frequency spectrum in the future in order to be able to further increase the data rates and meet the increase in global traffic – the peak data rates of LTE-A can only be achieved if up to 100 MHz are bundled. And this is where Carrier Aggregation is used.
Problem: Frequency spectrum is a scarce resource
The topic affects almost all mobile network operators in the world: they do not have enough coherent frequency spectrum to easily offer the high data rates of LTE-A. In Germany, for example, there is only 20 MHz bandwidth available in the frequency range around 800 MHz – paired in 4 blocks, ie 10 MHz for the downlink and 10 MHz for the uplink. In the configuration currently in use (2 × 2 MIMO, LTE UE Cat. 3), a maximum of 75 MBit/s can be reached in the downstream, although not much more than 60 MBit/s is possible.
Fortunately, the providers in Germany have enough spectrum to be able to connect at least LTE cat. 4 with up to 150 MBit/s without much effort, at least in the frequency ranges around 1800 MHz and 2600 MHz. It is only more difficult if higher speeds are desired. In other countries, such as South Korea, for example, there is already this problem, where carrier aggregation is used. Before I get to the details of this technology, first a short video from the company Qualcomm, which explains the functionality in a quite appealing way:
Carrier aggregation: bundling of different frequency
Blocks with CA, the network operators are able to bundle different frequency blocks into a large block for the first time. After 3GPP release 10, the upper limit is at 100 MHz, although a later expansion is of course not excluded. In the medium term, however, it is likely to be a bundling of 40 to 60 MHz.
There are three different modes for channel bundling, whereby only the following carriers can be combined: 1.4 / 3/5/10/15/20 Megahertz. How and in what way the combination takes place is left to the network operator, but maximum of 5 carriers can be bundled:
Intra band, contiguous:this is the simplest CA method. Two or more frequency blocks are clustered, contiguous and within a frequency range (Intra band). So, for example, 2x 10 MHz in band 3 (frequency range around 1800 MHz). The terminal does not need any great hardware changes because it perceives the aggregated channel as a large channel and therefore requires only one transceiver (transceiver).
Intra band, non-contiguous: in this method, two or more carriers are bundled, these frequency blocks being not adjacent but lying in the same frequency range. On the end of the terminal, two or more transceivers are now required to use the aggregated band.
Inter-band, non-contiguous: this CA method is likely to be the most widely used in the future as it is most likely to be true for network operators. In this case, frequency blocks from different frequency ranges can be bundled in order to create the largest possible frequency block. A possible scenario would be, for example, the combination of spectrum from band 20 (around 800 MHz) with spectrum from band 3 (1800 MHz). As you can imagine, several transceivers and further optimizations are necessary in the terminal, which can have a noticeable effect on the energy consumption.
Different ranges of individual carriers and downwards compatibility
Especially in the case of carrier aggregation using inter-band, non-contiguous, it is inevitable that there will be differences in the size of the individual cells. Thus, with a terminal with CA support close to an LTE transmitter (eNodeB), very high speeds will be achieved as the terminal can use a lot of bundled spectrum. A few kilometers from the transmitter is possibly only LTE800 receivable and CA brings no more advantage.
As can be seen in the above, there is always a Primary Serving Cell, or PCC, a “main cell”, which ensures the supply. The other cells (SCC) serve merely as a support for user data, in other words to increase the bandwidth. Depending on the terminal, the PCC can be different, depending on various factors, for example the respective energy consumption in the terminal. This, of course, requires a lot of optimization both in the network planning and in the manufacturers of the modems for mobile devices.
Of course, CA and thus also LTE-A is down-compatible with “conventional” LTE. Old and currently available terminals are therefore still usable in the future. Nevertheless, if you want to use the higher bandwidths or carrier aggregation, you obviously need a new terminal. Here, again, the LTE UE category has to be considered, CA alone is not enough to achieve speeds in the gigabit range.
It’s a long time since the Huawei B618 4G Router was firstly released by the manufacturer Huawei. Some information shows the Huawei B618 4G LTE Router was already available in some network providers’ data plan. Good news is that we get the unlocked Huawei B618 4G Router now.
The Huawei B618 Router is packed in white box with the image of B618 printed on the front with the model number. The device is in white color and looks good. Protected by a plastic bag, the Huawei B618 is unlike usual wireless router shaped in a cube, so it’s also called Huawei B618 Cube. When it stands on the desk, it looks like a humidifier.
On the front, we can see the Huawei logo and below is are the LED indicators including three signal bars, WPS button, Power indicator, Internet Status indicator, LAN status indicator, WiFi indicator and Mode indicator. On the back, we can see the power button, one USB2.0 port, One LAN port and one LAN/WAN port, one telephone port and power adapter plug port. At the top are the two connectors for external antenna covered by a small cap.
The connector type of the Huawei B618 external antenna is TS-9 and we had tried the antenna with two TS-9 connectors with the Huawei B618 Router. They are working together very well.
Like its predecessor Huawei E5180s-22 Cube, there is a label at the bottom of the device, which would show more details about this device. We can see it indicates the model number is B618s-22d. Below the model number, there are SSID name, SSID 5G name, WiFi key/password, IP address for web management, user name and password for log in web IP address, and the WPS Pin code.
On the right side, it indicates the input power is 12V-2A, and the IMEI number & S/N are listed with the bar code. The CE0682, RoHS and WiFi certified with the Made in China and Huawei Technologies Co., LTD are also on the label. Below the label is the SIM card slot, which is also covered by a cap to protect from dust. User needs to open the cap and plug in the sim card. At the SIM card slot side, it’s the rest hole. If you want to reset the router, you need press the reset button the hole for few seconds.
Here now the original new and unlocked Huawei B618s-22d is available on www.4gltemall.com, if you are looking for a cool 4G wireless router supporting LTE-Advanced networks, Huawei B618 Cube should be a good option.
With the development of the LTE technology and deployment of LTE-advanced networks, the manufacturer offer new 4G mobile gadgets to meet the market required. The ZTE MF980 Hotspot is a 4G mobile hotspot that offers LTE Category 9 carrier aggregation technology. The specifications for ZTE MF980 makes it’s dominates in the mobile hotspos in the market.
This 3-band technology allows reach a download speed of 450 Mbps and 50 Mbps in upload. The bands supported in FDD are: B1 / B3 / B5 (26) / B7 / B8 / B20 / B28 / B32
For Europe area, the bands that concern in 4G are therefore B3, B7, B20 but also the B28 which supports the 700 MHz of Free Mobile.
For the rest the supported bands are:
* TDD-LTE: B40 (or B38 or B41)
* UMTS: B1 / B5 / B8 / B2
* GSM: 850/900/1800 / 1900MHz
A fairly wide coverage therefore, makes the ZTE MF980 mobile hotspot a good partner for traveling. We do not have exactly the carrier aggregation of supported 3 bands, but we remain optimistic for a support in France (B20 + B7 + B3 or B28 + B7 + B20).
The ZTE MF980 also offers Wi-Fi 802.11 ac running dual-band 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz simultaneously. And up to 32 users can connect to the MF980 hotspot for internet access. It is of course also compatible with the 802.11b/g/n and it also offers a 2 × 2 MIMO technology.
The 1.44-inch color TFT screen allows you to view the usual information such as the operator, connection type and level, battery level, number of users connected and data consumption.
The ZTE MF980 is small enough to fit easily in the pocket or in a bag. What’s more, it has 2 connectors for external antennas, which makes it possible to connect external antenna to improve the signal strength so as to get faster surfing speed. The connector type is TS-9, we recommend below the external antenna for ZTE MF980 mobile hotspot: http://www.4gltemall.com/4g-antenna-two-ts-9-connector.html
It has a micro-USB port and a slot for micro-SIM. Equipped with a 2200 mAh battery, it can keep working for up to 10 hours according to the manufacturer. It is compatible with the Android application (or IOS) ZTELink APP.
With the support of LTE Cat.9 and 3 band carrier aggregation, ZTE MF980 supports fast download speed to 450Mbps while currently the LTE Cat.6 up to 300Mbps is the mainstream. Up to 32 wireless users could access internet with the ZTE MF980 and large battery of 2200mAh, which makes MF980 a powerful partner for outdoor activities. The possibility of connecting external antenna and control via ZTELINK app is also very useful for operation.
Actually, there are many LTE cat.9 and cat.11 mobile hotspots in the market now, such as the Netgear Aircard 810s hotspot etc. They already get great fame from the end-users. We suppose the ZTE MF980 would also be a good star for LTE-A networks.