5G & 5G Applications and Features

The hyperlinked community of 5G revolutionary technology is soon a reality. It means a huge number of things connected to the network, high speeds, minimal delays, increased reliability, and brand new opportunities for using the web.

 

What is 5G?

 

5G will give us two main types of communication solutions: The first gives us a mobile broadband network with higher capacity and improved user experiences. The other main type provides a 5G network that will allow special online solutions for many different purposes with different functionality requirements. There will be billions of things connected to the web, for very fast response times, and for increased security and reliability.

 

The big difference between the 5G and previous generations is that the 5G is designed to provide networks and services to various industry and community-driven devices, as well as services and networks for the smartphone.

 

What are the 5G applications?

 

In addition to mobile broadband, 5G will be offered as fixed broadband access to households and businesses in areas without fiber networks. Broadcasting of radio and television will also be facilitated. Emergency services will have their own safe and effective solutions for crisis situations, including coordination of communication with audio, video, maps, positioning, first aid, drones management, etc. Enterprises, government agencies and households will be able to create their own “private” networks of sensors and machines that can be controlled and controlled via the network. Vehicles will be connected and combined for safer and more efficient traffic congestion. In the health sector, 5G could be used for telemedicine for diagnosis and treatment of patients wherever they are. Within the energy sector, 5G could be used for measuring and controlling production, distribution and consumption in more environmentally friendly and cost-effective ways. Within the food industry, 5G will enable more efficient and environmentally friendly production and distribution with the use of sensors that monitor and quality assure the entire food chain from sea, field and farm to the dinner table.

 

5G is expected to be a driver in the digital transformation of the future ICT community, such as smart and smart sensor and communication solutions, autonomous transport solutions and emergency networks. Individuals will experience new and improved digital services on their smartphone delivered over 5G. These services will be much faster, more accessible and safer than today’s services. Private individuals will also benefit from sensor and communication solutions for smart cities, autonomous transport solutions and emergency networks. Other 5G services will exploit the available rate and improve the security of virtual or custom reality transfer, for example to “hospital in ambulance” or firewall support systems.

 

When does 5G come?

 

From the start, 5G will gradually be built on top of the 4G network. 5G technology is standardized in two phases, in 2018 and 2019 with international approval in 20201 2, but it is difficult to determine when 5G is widely available.

 

5G is being developed and piloted in Europe, Asia and the United States. During the Olympics in South Korea, it was tested among other things. 360-degree TV services and use of 5G based robots. Commercial development is expected to start in 2020 as needed, but there will not be a massive deployment that we have seen for 3G and 4G. In the coming years, international research and innovation within 5G will focus on evaluation of 5G.

 

The 5G will come with a number of new and unique features, compared to the 4G network which we have become accustomed to. Three key examples of areas that will delight in 5G, so-called industry verticals, are autonomous transport solutions, the energy sector and the media industry. A thoughtful transport solution may be the intersection of cars (“platooning”) with communication between the cars and from the cars to the network, which requires extremely low latency and strong robustness. This will make it possible to synchronize cars and traffic signals for optimal driving speed and density of cars under all conditions.

 

However, for the energy sector, a massive IoT system with large amounts of sensors that still provide new information and data for monitoring, control and mainframe analysis can be critical.

 

Within the media world, it would be possible for consumers to have access to a 5G high-speed network that enables high-quality streaming in real time, preferably with an AR experience as well.

 

 

 

What are the 5G features?

 

There are especially five features of 5G that provide great potential for new applications, helping drive the hyperlinked community and enable much of the revolutionary technology we hear about otherwise:

  1. Skid network

5G enables operation of a more flexible and programmable network. This becomes possible through the use of new technology for logical or network slices. Various logical networks will be created at the top of this extremely flexible infrastructure and will provide as diverse devices on the network as the application requires. This means in practice that it will be perceived as services with very different needs, such as healthcare, industrial areas and autonomous vehicles, each having their own network, within the same network – tailored to their needs, and without compromising each other.

  1. Robustness and Quality Guarantees

This segmentation also enables guaranteed service quality (QoS) to be provided to different industries, services and applications – which are especially important for critical functions (such as health and emergency services, transportation and industrial production) and also make it safer to become more digital. It ensures robustness in the network, which allows services with zero tolerance for outcomes, errors and delays, to deploy web-based services and systems in a completely new way.

  1. Extremely low delays

5G will offer much lower delays in the network than before, some estimating down to 1ms. In a 4G network, the delay is about 25 ms. As mentioned above, this will be especially important for self-propelled cars – which can communicate for both safer and more efficient transportation, when a car knows that the front of the car slows down in what it does, one is both secured against a potential collision and can Avoid cuts in synchronized motion. Also in health, low delays can be considered as essential, for example, using remote-controlled robot surgery – which you will not have any delays but have near perfect response time from machine and patient at a hospital to the doctor who controls the operation from another hospital. 5G offers ultra reliability in these delays for Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC).

  1. Possibility of massive volumes of things connected to the net

The 5G technology will also enable a large number of things connected to the network, called massive machine type communication (mMTC). We already see that most people have a smartphone, but the vast growth of connections is sensors, machines and things that are connected to the network – so-called Internet of Things or the Internet of Things (IoT). These things also have very different needs: some will exchange tiny amounts of data and ensure long battery life (as a parking sensor dug down in the asphalt) while others, like a self-propelled car, have plenty of power but will transfer large amounts of data to cloud. Should all the technology now expected within the broad IoT concept be used, one must have a network that can handle such massive volumes of things on the same network. It offers 5G, which enables one million connected stuff on the same network per square kilometer.

  1. High speeds

The least radically different from 4G to 5G, yet remarkable, is the development of the speed of the network we will be able to offer. This is not only necessary to meet the strong growth in data traffic in the web as we already see, as more content requires large amounts of data. An example here is if more and more are going to stream 4K quality video. It also means that brand new applications are emerging. For example, far more advanced features and operations can be done in the “cloud” because data is transmitted quickly in the web and does not need to be stored or processed locally. This allows mobile devices to become more advanced, and do more demanding things than we have been used to.

 

Some of these properties will also be incorporated into the 4G network, which is constantly evolving (so-called 4,5G). This means that they will be available also where there is no 5G coverage, but you will still use 4G. It is therefore a continuous development of the 4G network as well, which will be in the process of digitizing society. The 5G will allow brand new applications for the technologies we already have, and be necessary to utilize the technologies we expect to come. The practical consequence of this is that if we are ready to take advantage of all the opportunities offered by new technology, we rely on better digital infrastructure than we currently have.

Samsung SFG-D0100 5G Home Router Pass through FCC Approval

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) of the United States has recently completed compatibility testing of the first 5G router, which will be used by customers using the wireless Internet connection. The Samsung router with the designation SFG-D0100 will be available in the offer of the American operator Verizon. This equipment works in the 5G mmWave 28 GHz millimeter. The 5G terminal “SFG-D0100” made by Samsung Electronics (Samsung Electronics) passed the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on April 30, 2018. FCC ID is A3LSFG-D0100.

The frequency of the mobile network is certified at 27.50 to 28.35 GHz. Radio waves from the 28 GHz millimeter range have the same strong propagation suppression. This means that the range of the base station is small. However, engineers working on 5G solved this problem using beamforming technologies. This means that both the base station and the client’s device can form, by means of the antenna system, a directional antenna radiation pattern aimed at the direction chosen by the system. The Samsung 5G router uses for this purpose 2 antenna systems, of which each of them consists of 32 small antennas. Each system radiates on a different polarity, so data transmission takes place in 2 × 2 MIMO mode. On the other hand, the very high frequency allows us to occupy the 800 MHz wide channel (here we aggregate 8 blocks of 100 MHz each). Samsung SFG-D0100 is the model number of the unreleased terminal.

It is customer premises Equipment (customer premises equipment: hereinafter referred to as CPE) for indoor use. It corresponds to the millimeter wave (mm Wave) of the 28 GHz band which is considered as the leading candidate frequency band of the fifth generation mobile communication system (5G) from the frequency certified by FCC.

 

 

In the United States, Verizon Wireless plans to commercialize 5G for Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) in 2018, and Samsung Electronics has decided to deliver communication equipment to Verizon Wireless in 2018.

The SFG-D0100 is likely to be a 5G indoor CPE provided by Verizon Wireless’ 5G. In FCC, labels and terminal diagrams are released. From the label we know to manufacture in South Korea (South Korea), China, Vietnam factory.

 

5G Frequency Bands Allocation Globally

5G Spectrum Allocation Globally
Country Low Frequency Band High Frequency Band
Finland 3.4 – 3.8 GHz 26.5 – 27.5 GHz
France 3.46 – 3.8 GHz 26 GHz
Germany 3.4 – 3.8 GHz 26 – 27.5 GHz
Ireland 3.4 – 3.8 GHz 26 GHz
Italy 3.6 – 3.8 GHz 26.5 – 27.5 GHz
Russia 3.4 – 3.8 GHz 26 GHz
Spain 3.4 – 3.8 GHz 26.5 – 27.5 GHz
United Kingdom 3.4 – 3.6 GHz, 3.6 to 3.8 GHz (in 2019) 26.5 – 27.5 GHz
USA 600 MHz (2 x 35 MHz) 27.5 – 28.35 GHz
3100 – 3550 MHz 37 – 40 GHz
3700 – 4200 MHz
Japan 3600 – 4200 MHz 27.5 – 28.28 GHz
4400 – 4900 MHz
China 3300 – 3600 MHz 24.25 – 27.5 GHz
4400 – 4500 MHz 37 – 43.5 GHz
Korea 26.5 – 29.5 GHz
Canada 600 MHz (2 x 35 MHz) 27.5 – 28.35 GHz
64 – 71 GHz 37 – 37.6 GHz
37.6 – 40 GHz
Australia 3.4 – 3.7 GHz 24.5 – 27.5 GHz
39 GHz

Huawei 5G Router

More and more countries are starting the 5G trial since 2018, even though 5G commercial networks have not yet been launched, many people are keen to know the latest new 5G routers and some network carriers want to get 5G routers for network test purpose. Huawei, as the 5G standard maker and the top network equipment vendor for worldwide network providers and end-users, is, of course, dominating the 5G trend. Based on the success on 4G Router, Huawei 5G router is also attracting many potential users.

Huawei had presented the world’s first 5G chipset to the public since the beginning of 2018 at MWC and based on this 5G platform, Huawei released two new 5G CPEs: Huawei 5G CPE mmWave and 5G CPE sub6GHz. Just like the Huawei 4G Routers, the two Huawei 5G Routers also support difference 5G frequency bands. Actually, Huawei also released a new Huawei 5G Router named Huawei B818 on official site. Here now we can’t tell which one is the best 5G router because the details specifications about the three Huawei 5G routers are very limited. We list the general specs of the three Huawei 5G routers as below.

  1. Huawei B818 5G Router

* LTE Category 19 CPE

* Chipset: Hisilicon Balong 765

* LTE Download Speed to 2Gbit/s

* Supports all sub-6 GHz

* 8 x 8 MIMO

 

Check more details about Huawei B818 Router 5G: https://www.4gltemall.com/huawei-b818-lte-cat19-gigabit-cpe.html

 

 

  1. Huawei 5G Router mmWave

* World’s first 3GPP Commercial CPE

* Chipset: Huawei Balong 5G01

* Peak rate 2Gbps

* Supports mmWave multi-frequency

* 4G/5G dual connectivity

* Supports Power Over Ethernet(POE)

Check more details about Huawei 5G Router mmWave: https://www.4gltemall.com/huawei-5g-cpe-mmwave.html

 

 

  1. Huawei 5G Router sub6GHz

* World’s first 3GPP Commercial CPE

* Peak rate 2Gbps

* Supports Sub6GHz multi-frequency

* 4G/5G Dual connectivity

Check more details about Huawei Router 5G sub6GHz: https://www.4gltemall.com/huawei-5g-cpe-sub6ghz.html

 

 

We suppose there will be more Huawei 5G routers available as time goes and we will keep updating the list for your reference about the latest 5G routers and 5G development news.

Five LTE Advanced Pro Modules to Recommend

With the development of LTE wireless technologies, more and more networks are evolving from LTE advanced to LTE advanced Pro. LTE Advanced Pro (LTE-A Pro, also known as 4.5G, 4.5G Pro, 4.9G, Pre-5G, 5G Project, and so on) is a marker of the 3GPP release 13 and 14, which is a natural evolution of Long Term Evolution (LTE) with speed up to Gbit/s level, which incorporated numerous new technologies that would be used in 5G standard, including 256QAM, Massive MIMO, LTE-Unlicensed, LTE IoT, and others to progressively evolve existing networks into 5G standard.

LTE-A Pro aims to significantly increase the data speeds and bandwidth available for mobile communications. It will also bring a much wider range of connected devices and platforms under a single standard. LTE-A Pro seeks to improve and optimize the capacity, performance, functionality and efficiency of LTE-A, as well as to further reduce latency, to provide a better user experience. It will also enhance the LTE platform for the delivery of new services to new markets as we move towards IoT with 5G.

The key attributes that will define LTE-Advanced Pro are:

> Data speeds in excess of 3Gbps (LTE-A: 1Gbps)
> 640MHz of carrier bandwidth (LTE-A: 100MHz)
> Latency: 2ms (LTE-A: 10ms)

 

Since very few LTE Advanced pro devices are available in the market, the LTE vendors are already presenting their LTE advanced Pro modules to the public and below the five LTE advanced Pro modules are recommended if your terminals are demanding high-speed internet access:

 

  1. Telit LM960 (LTE Cat.18)

Specs Highlights:

* World’s first mPCIe form factor to support LTE cat.18

* Support global 23 LTE Frequency bands

* LTE peak download speed up to 1Gbps

* Dual SIM Single Standby

* Full GNSS support: GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Beidou

* Chipset: Qualcomm Snapdragon X20 modem

* Linux and Windows driver support

* 4 x 4 MIMO and 256 QAM

* 5x Carrier Aggregation for increased data rates

Check more details about Telit LM960 Specs, price, drivers, and buy Telit LM960 module here: https://www.4gltemall.com/telit-lm960-4g-lte-cat18-pcie-module.html

 

  1. Sierra Wireless AirPrime EM7565 (LTE Cat.12)

Specs Highlights:

* LTE Advanced Pro Cat.12 Module

* Chipset/Processor: Qualcomm MDM9250

* DL to 600Mbps/UL to 150Mbps

* Supporting 24 worldwide LTE bands, including LTE-LAA and CBRS

* Satellite Systems: Galileo, Glonass, GPS, Beidou

* Planned Carrier AT&T, DoCoMo, Telstra, Verizon, Vodafone

* Regulatory: CE, FCC, GCF, IC, NCC, PTCRB

Check more details about Sierra AirPrime EM7565 Specs, price, drivers, and buy AirPrime EM7565 module here: https://www.4gltemall.com/sierra-wireless-airprime-em7565.html

 

 

  1. Sierra Wireless AirPrime EM7511 (LTE Cat.12)

Specs Highlights:

* Very similar to AirPrime EM7565

* LTE Advanced Pro Cat.12 Module

* Form factor: M.2

* Chipset/Platform: Qualcomm

* DL to 600Mbps/UL to 150Mbps

* Supporting 24 worldwide LTE bands, including LTE-LAA and CBRS

* Control Options: APIs, AT Commands

* Firmware over-the-air (FOTA)

* GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, and Galileo satellite systems supported

Check more details about Sierra AirPrime EM7511 Specs, price, drivers, and buy AirPrime EM7511 module here: https://www.4gltemall.com/sierra-wireless-airprime-em7511.html

 

  1. Telit LM940 (LTE Cat.11)

Specs Highlights:

* Category: LTE Cat.11 Module

* Form Factor: PCI Express Mini Card Type (mPCIe)

* Chipset: Qualcomm MDM9240

* LTE data rates: DL 600Mbps(w/3x CA DL, 256QAM) and UL 75Mbps

* Full GNSS support: GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Beidou

* Carrier Approvals: AT&T, Sprint, Verizon

Check more details about Telit LM940 Specs, price, drivers, and buy Telit LM940 module here: https://www.4gltemall.com/telit-lm940-lte-cat-11-gps-pcie-module.html

 

  1. Telit LN940 (LTE Cat.11 and Cat.9)

Specs Highlights:

* Two variant models: Telit LN940A9 and LN940A11

* 42mm M.2 (NGFF) single-sided data card

* LTE Category 11 LTE DL 600Mbps UL50Mbps

* LTE Category 9 LTE DL 450Mbps UL50Mbps

* HSPA+ Rel. 8: DL/UL up to 42/11.5 Mbps

* Quad-constellation integrated GNSS

* Linux and Windows driver support

* Carrier Aggregation, 2 x 2 MIMO and 256 QAM

Check more details about Telit LN940 Specs, price, drivers, and buy Telit LN940 module here:

https://www.4gltemall.com/telit-ln940-lte-cat9-11-m-2-data-card.html

Huawei Launch World’s First 5G Chipset and 5G CPE

Huawei launched the world’s first 5G Chipset and first 5G CPE at MWC 2018 in Barcelona yesterday. According to Huawei official sayings, the 5G chipset model is Balong 5G01, which makes Huawei the first company offering an end-to-end 5G solution through its network, devices, and chipset-level capabilities.

As the world’s first commercial terminal device, Huawei 5G Router supports 3GPP 5G Standards with Huawei developed 5G chipset Balong 5G01, which it labeled as being the world’s first commercial 3GPP 5G chipset supporting download speeds of up to 2.3Gbps across sub-6GHz and millimeter-wave (mmWave) spectrum bands. The 5G CPE comes in a sub-6GHz model and an mmWave model, Huawei announced. This device marks a milestone as Huawei sets the stage for the next generation of wireless connectivity.

 

The HUAWEI 5G CPE has two models, low frequency (sub6GHz) 5G CPE and high frequency (mmWave) 5G CPE respectively. The HUAWEI low frequency 5G CPE is small and lightweight, compatible with 4G and 5G networks, and has proven measured download speeds of up to 2Gbps – 20 times that of 100Mbps fiber. This provides an ultra-fast experience, allowing users to enjoy VR video and gaming experiences, or download a TV show within a second. The HUAWEI high frequency 5G CPE is available in indoor and outdoor units.

“mmWave technology will be an important tool in ensuring widespread deployment of 5G technology in Canada. Huawei’s 5G solutions and terminals will enable 5G coverage over a neighbourhood or small community cost effectively, while providing more convenient and high-speed home broadband Internet access services.” said Dr. Wen Tong, Huawei Fellow, and CTO Huawei Wireless, “This friendly user trial will drive the global 3GPP unified 5G standard and build a solid foundation for the 5G early commercialization.”

 

5G technology will underpin the next leap forward for our intelligent world, where people, vehicles, homes and devices are fully connected, delivering new experiences, insights and capabilities,” said Richard Yu, CEO of Huawei Consumer Business Group. “Since 2009, Huawei has invested US$600 million in research and development into 5G technologies, where we have led the way with innovations around network architecture, spectrum usage, field verification and more. From connected vehicles and smart homes to AR/VR and hologram videos, we are committed to developing a mature 5G ecosystem so that consumers can benefit from a truly connected world that transforms the way we communicate and share.”

Difference between Huawei E5788 and Netgear Nighthawk M1

Till the November 2017, Netgear Nighthawk M1 was always the fastest 4G LTE Pocket WiFi in the market. With the support of download speed of 1Gigabit per second and 150Mbps for upload, Netgear Nighthawk M1 is very popular in the users who are looking for high-speed terminals to work with LTE advanced Pro networks. With the release of a new 4G LTE Mobile Hotspot Huawei E5788, Netgear Nighthawk M1 has a challenging competitor.

Huawei E5 mobile hotspots are always the most popular wireless routers all over the world. Now the most advanced Huawei E5788 comes with Huawei advanced LTE technology. Today we will have a look at what the new LTE hotspot bring to us and what’s the difference between the two Gigabit LTE mobile routers.

Netgear Nighthawk M1 VS Huawei E5788 Appearance and interfaces

If you already have known the Netgear Nighthawk M1 mobile hotspot router, you may know the Netgear Nighthawk M1 is in a square shape with LAN port. The Huawei E5788 doesn’t have the LAN port, it seems to be upgraded from the Huawei E5786 LTE cat6 mobile hotspot. Huawei E5788 has a 2.4-inch color touchscreen to show the information about the connection in square shape while Netgear Nighthawk M1 has also same size screen but in round shape. The power button of Netgear Nighthawk M1 is to switch the menu.

The SIM card slot of Huawei E5788 is at the side of the device while the Nighthawk M1 design the SIM card slot in the inner part under the battery, which is similar to the predecessor Netgear Aircard 810s. They both have two TS-9 connectors for external 4G LTE antenna in case of use in weak signal areas.

 

Huawei E5788 VS MR1100 Battery

The Huawei E5788 has a built-in battery of 3000mAh while the Netgear Nighthawk M1 has a removable battery of 5040mAh. What’s more, the Nighthawk M1 can charge other electric devices on the large battery. Whether the Huawei E5788 has the same function is not mentioned by the official sayings.

Huawei E5788 VS Nighthawk M1 Technical Specifications

We summarize the main technical features of the two high-level LTE mobile routers as below:

 

Model Huawei E5788u-96a Netgear Nighthawk M1
Product type LTE Mobile Hotspot LTE Mobile Hotspot
Category LTE Cat.16 LTE Cat.16
Chipset Qualcomm MDM9250 Qualcomm MDM9x50
Data rates DL 1Gbps/UL 100Mbps DL 1Gbps/UL 100Mbps
Supported 4G LTE frequency bands * FDD-LTE: Band 1/2/3/4/5/7/8/19/20/28
* TDD-LTE: Band 38/40/41/42
Telstra Nighthawk M1: Band 1/3/7/8/28
AT&T Nighthawk M1: Band 1/2/3/4/5/7/12/29/30/66
Hong Kong Nighthawk M1: Band 1/3/8/20/29/30/38/40/41
WLAN 802.11a/b/g/n/ac, dual-band 2.4GHz & 5GHz 802.11a/b/g/n/ac, dual-band 2.4GHz & 5GHz
Max support users 32 users 20 users
MIMO 4 X 4 MIMO 4 X 4 MIMO
Connector for external antenna No connector Two, TS-9 jacks
Buy Antenna N/A Netgear Nighthawk M1 Antenna
App management Huawei Hilink APP Netgear Aircard APP
SIM type Micro SIM Micro SIM
Battery Non-removable, 3000mAh Removable, 5040 mAh
Dimensions 129 x 65 x 13.5mm 105.5  x 105.5  x 20.35 mm
Ethernet Port No On port for LAN port(RJ-45)
Datasheet download Huawei E5788 Datahseet Netgear Nighthawk M1 Datasheet
User Manual Huawei E5788 Manual Netgear Nighthawk M1 Manual
Other features 4CC CA 4 band CA, JumpBoost
Firmware download Huawei E5788 Firmware Nighthawk M1 Firmware
Drivers Huawei E5788 Driver Nighthawk M1 Driver
Reviews Huawei E5788 Review Netgear Nighthawk M1 AT&T Review
Price 499.00USD 459.00USD

Summary

From the technical specifications, we can see the two Gigabit LTE routers have very similar functions. The supported LTE frequency bands are different for various LTE networks in different areas. Here now, the Netgear Nighthawk M1 is available in the market and has gained a very good reputation. The Huawei E5788u-96a(first released model) is now available at https://www.4gltemall.com/huawei-e5788-gigabit-lte-cat-16-mobile-hotspot.html. But who will be the winner, the market will tell.

Intel Release 5G Modem XMM8060 and 4G Modem XMM7660

With the development of wireless networks, 5G network is approaching. It’s said 5G networks will be available. The wireless industry leaders such as Qualcomm and Intel are planning the new products to meet the network upgrade. Last month, Qualcomm Inc. has announced that they have successfully trialed a 5G data connection on their X50 5G modem. Qualcomm says during their trial they were able to successfully establish a 5G data connection on the X50 modem using 28GHz mmWave frequency band, with download speeds reaching over a gigabit per second.

Intel is also following the trend for 5G network. A couple of days ago, Intel also announced the Intel XMM 8000 series, which is its first family of 5G new radio (5G NR) multi-mode commercial modems. The XMM8060 is the first modem of the XMM 8000 series. Intel also announced its latest LTE modem, the Intel XMM7660, which will be made available in 2019.

 

Intel XMM8060 is the company’s first commercial 5G modem as a competitor to Qualcomm X50 5G modem. As the typical feature, the Intel XMM8060 is also multi-mode supporting full 5G non-standalone and standalone NR, as well as various 2G, 3G and 4G legacy modes. Thus enabling devices to work in different locations, including large cities with 5G standalone NR (this may be a distant future) as well as rural areas that have 2G or 3G networks. This is important as 5G availability will not be available everywhere all at once, and it will take years for its roll-out to complete, just like how it took years for 4G LTE to be adopted throughout the globe. The XMM8060 is expected to be adopted in customer devices since mid-2019 at earliest. As part of the announcement, the company reiterated its plans to offer a top-to-bottom XMM 8000 family of 5G modems for various applications, including smartphones, PCs, buildings and vehicles.

Intel has kept on developing LTE modems as well. With the Intel XMM8060, the XMM7660 4G LTE Modem was also presented as its second-generation Gigabit LTE modem capable of up to Cat 19 (1.6Gbps) downlink connections. It features MIMO, carrier aggregation, 256QAM and a broad range of band support.  Intel expects commercial devices to adopt the XMM 7660 in 2019.

 

Intel says the series will enable a range of devices from PCs and phones to vehicles and fixed wireless consumer premise equipment to connect to 5G networks. And we will see when 5G coming.

3GPP Release 15: Standard for 5G coming in 2018

Before 2020, no 5G networks will probably start, but the technical pillars of the next generation of mobile phones are becoming increasingly visible and mid-2018  5G should then be finally standardized in 3GPP Release 15. From the time of standardization,, network equipment suppliers and chip manufacturers can then quickly adapt their pre-standard hardware and software to UEs and deliver it to network operators and customers. How the way could look up to now and which specifications are expected to be part of the 5G standard, Dr. Ing. Peter Zhou, chief marketing officer for the Wireless Product Line at Huawei Enterprise, revealed at the Huawei Global Mobile Broadband Forum.

 

Goal: globally uniform 5G standard

The standardization organization 3GPP aims to define the first industry-wide 5G standard with Release 15. Various organizations are involved in the 3GPP, including the European ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute). A common standard is very important for 5G to be built around the world on the same technical foundation as 4G/LTE is. The timeline of the 3GPP, included as a graphic below, reveals that in June 2018 release 15 will be ready and thus the basis for 5G will have been created.

 

Huawei: Details about antenna technology at 5G

Exact specifications for 5G are as described only from June 2018 at the earliest. Peter Zhou from Huawei described how Huawei imagines the antenna technology at 5G: in the high-band range ( eg 3.5 GHz, C-band) should be at least 4 × 4 MIMO antenna technology mandatory, in the low-band range (eg less than 1.8 GHz) should be at least 2 × 2 MIMO expanded. So that 5G networks have to meet much for the minimum requirements. In the high-band sector, Zhou sees the future, but especially in Massive MIMO antenna technology, where, of course, in this assessment must also take into account that the network equipment with Massive MIMO antenna technology earns neat money. As a mandatory standard you will probably not see Massive MIMO at 5G/3GPP Rel. 15.

Huawei: 5G networks need to use AI

According to Dr. Zhou, it will be a key point that the 5G network technology with artificial intelligence (“AI”) is equipped. He said at the Mobile Broadband Forum in London: “AI is a core element in 5G networks. Mobile networks must become intelligent”.Here one can use the artificial intelligence in different areas of the net well: the transmitters could communicate constantly with each other, in order always to be able to get the optimum from the existing radio spectrum. For the customer, it is about the best possible network coverage and a high service quality, for the operator to the most efficient use of radio licenses and thus also to reduce costs. In other areas, one can well imagine the use of AI in the mobile network, for example, when it comes to edge computing or autonomous driving.

 

Vodafone: 5G tends to be overhyped

There is a strong tendency to override 5G, said Vodafone CTO Johan Wibergh at the Huawei Global Mobile Broadband Forum (HWMBBF) in London. The expectations of 5G are partially too big, on the other hand, many applications could also be implemented with LTE. He recalled that mobile phone generations are usually around 10 years up to date you can not say what will be possible in 2030 with 5G. Wibergh made a clear statement about UMTS: the 3G mobile phone network of Vodafone should be shut down in Europe from 2020.

4G Evolution and 5G New Radio

Many features that are currently often attributed to the next generation 5G mobile phones are easily possible with LTE, according to Vodafone CTO Wibergh. Gigabit speeds, very low latency times and IoT are easily possible with the latest LTE Advanced Pro (4.5G) networks. This is achieved by technologies such as 256QAM modulation, Massive MIMO antenna technology and bundling frequency ranges via carrier aggregation. Nevertheless, 5G offers tangible advantages, of course: with additional radio spectrum (“New Radio”), first in the range around 3.5 GHz, extremely high bandwidths become possible, for example. According to Wibergh, 5G is also about 10 times more cost-efficient than LTE.

UMTS will be switched off from 2020

A very interesting statement made by Vodafone CTO Wibergh on the topic of UMTS: the 3rd mobile generation should be switched off gradually in Europe from 2020, even before GSM/2G. The radio spectrum can be used much more efficiently with LTE or 5G.

 

The shutdown of 3G is unlikely to be noticeable to users, on the contrary, the transition to new technologies will be fluid. Vodafone uses its previously used exclusively spectrum in the range of 2100 megahertz for UMTS frequency, partly for LTE. This is likely to be the case more often in the future, as long as Vodafone acquires spectrum in the 2100 MHz range at the next frequency auction.