Narrowband – Internet of Things (NB-IoT)

Narrowband-Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is a standards-based low power wide area (LPWA) technology developed to enable a wide range of new IoT devices and services. NB-IoT significantly improves the power consumption of user devices, system capacity and spectrum efficiency, especially in deep coverage. Battery life of more than 10 years can be supported for a wide range of use cases.

New physical layer signals and channels are designed to meet the demanding requirement of extended coverage – rural and deep indoors – and ultra-low device complexity. Initial cost of the NB-IoT modules is expected to be comparable to GSM/GPRS. The underlying technology is however much simpler than today’s GSM/GPRS and its cost is expected to decrease rapidly as demand increases.

Supported by all major mobile equipment, chipset and module manufacturers, NB-IoT can co-exist with 2G, 3G, and 4G mobile networks. It also benefits from all the security and privacy features of mobile networks, such as support for user identity confidentiality, entity authentication, confidentiality, data integrity, and mobile equipment identification. The first NB-IoT commercial launches have been completed and global roll out is expected for 2017/18.

How to set up and use Huawei E5786 and Huawei E5785

Huawei E5786 and E5785 are two popular LTE mobile routers. Many people may have them for wireless internet access. If you don’t know how to use the two mobile hotspots, below the setup guide may help you.

Simple steps to get online

  1. Open the backcover and insert the SIM card:

  1. Turn on the router and insert into the charger

  1. Connect a computer to the wireless network

Windows:

  • Left-click the wireless network icon down at the time and date
  • Locate the network that matches the network name on the bottom of the lid and press “connect”
  • Enter the network password that appears on the bottom of the lid, press “connect”

Mac:

  • Touch Airport, the wireless network icon
  • Touch the network that matches the network name on the bottom of the lid.
  • Enter the network password that appears on the bottom of the lid, press “connect”
  1. Open a browser and follow the wizard

Enter a URL, such as www.4gltemall.com . You will find the PIN in the letter that came with your SIM card.

If you cannot find the PIN, you need the PUK code to create a new PIN.

  1. You are now connected to the Internet!

 

 

Questions and answers

How do I access the router menu?

 

The router has its own menu, where you can change the wireless network name and network key. Here’s how to access the Huawei E5786 and Huawei E5785 router menu:

Open a new browser, such as Internet Explorer, on a computer that is connected to the router. Type 192.168.1.1 in the address bar, press Enter.

The username is admin and the password is the network key you have received (PWD / WIFI KEY)

Note: If you have changed the password yourself, enter this.

 

How do i know that 4G+ is available?

The router will display a “+” character behind 4G if you are in an area with 4G + coverage and user data.

 

How do I lock the network on 4G, 3G or 2G?

 

If you want to have stable network, you can lock the network on either 4G, 3G or 2G.

Here’s how to do it:

Open a new browser, such as Internet Explorer, on a computer that is connected to the router. Type 192.168.1.1 in the address bar, press Enter.

The username is admin and the password is the network key you have received (PWD / WIFI KEY)

Select Settings, then Network

Choose Auto, LTE Only, 3G Only or 2G Only from the drop-down menu under Select Network.

Press Use .

 

 

How do I restore factory settings?

 

If you experience trouble connecting to the Internet, it may help to reset your router.

Note, the name of the network ( SSID ) and the network key ( PWD / WIFI KEY ) can be found inside the router’s cover.

To reset the router manually:

– Open the router cover.

– Push a binder / needle into the reset hole and hold for 10 seconds.

– The router turns on and off and you can reconnect to the wireless network.

Note that after you reset your router, your network name and network password will be reset.

 

To restore factory settings via the menu:

– Open a new browser, such as Internet Explorer, on a computer connected to the router. Type 192.168.1.1 in the address bar, press Enter .

– The username is admin and the password is the network key you have received (PWD / WIFI KEY)

– Click Settings

– Select System Security then Factory Settings.

– Press Restore

– Press Restore again to confirm.

– The router automatically reconnects and you can reconnect. Note that after you reset the router, your network name and network password will be reset. If you have changed the login password of the router, this will also be reset.

How do I change the wireless channel?

 

If you have weak signal strength or trouble finding the wireless network, it may help to change the wireless channel.

To change the wireless channel, enter the router menu. The computer must be connected wirelessly to the router to access the menu.

– Open a new browser, such as Internet Explorer, on a computer connected to the router. Type 192.168.1.1 in the address bar, press Enter.

– The username is admin and the password is the network key you have received ( PWD / WIFI KEY )

– Select Settings

– Click Wi-Fi, then Advanced

– Select a channel from the drop-down menu under Frequency (Channel).

– It is recommended to choose 16 or 11. Channel 11 may work better than Channel 1 at your home, so try it out. Avoid channels 12 or 13 as some network cards cannot connect to these.

– Press Use. The settings are now saved.

– If you still experience the same problem, repeat from Step 4 and try another channel that may work better on your computer.

– If you can not find your wireless network, restart your PC and your router.

 

 

Software update

The router software is automatically updated. You will be notified on the router’s screen when new software is available. If you are having trouble accessing the web, we recommend that you restore the factory settings.

 

How do I change Access Point Name (APN)?

  1. Open a web browser, such as Internet Explorer, on a computer that is connected to the router
  2. Type 192.168.1.1 in the address bar, press Enter
  3. Select Settings
  4. Type “admin” in the username field. The password is the same as the network key or a custom password that was selected during the initial setup of the router. The network key (WIFI KEY) can be found on a sticker on the back of the modem
  5. Select Profile Manager
  6. Touch New profile and enter the desired profile name. (this is just a description of the new profile)
  7. Enter the desired APN in the APN (access point name) field
  8. Press Save
  9. Restart your router.

 

Difference between Huawei E5788 and Netgear Nighthawk M1

Till the November 2017, Netgear Nighthawk M1 was always the fastest 4G LTE Pocket WiFi in market. With the support of download speed of 1Gigabit per second and 150Mbps for upload, Netgear Nighthawk M1 is very popular in the users who are looking for high speed terminals to work with LTE advanced Pro networks. With the release of a new 4G LTE Mobile Hotspot Huawei E5788, Netgear Nighthawk M1 has a challenging competitor.

Huawei E5 mobile hotspots are always the most popular wireless routers all over the world. Now the most advanced Huawei E5788 comes with Huawei advanced LTE technology. Today we will have a look at what the new LTE hotspot bring to us and what’s the difference between the two Gigabit LTE mobile routers.

 

Appearance

If you already known the Netgear Nighthawk M1, you may know the Netgear Nighthawk M1 is in square shape with LAN port. The Huawei E5788 doesn’t have the LAN port, it seems to be upgraded from the Huawei E5786 LTE cat6 mobile hotspot. Huawei E5788 has a 2.4 inch colorful touch screen to show the information about connection in square shape while Netgear Nighthawk M1 has also same size screen but in round shape. The power button of Netgear Nighthawk M1 is to switch the menu.

The SIM card slot of Huawei E5788 is at the side of the device while the Nighthawk M1 design the SIM card slot in the inner part under the battery, which is similar to the predecessor Netgear Aircard 810s. They both have two TS-9 connectors for external 4G LTE antenna in case of use in weak signal areas.

 

Battery

The Huawei E5788 has built-in battery of 3000mAh while the Netgear Nighthawk M1 has removable battery of 5040mAh. What’s more, the Nighthawk M1 can charge other electric devices on the large battery. Whether the Huawei E5788 has same function is not mentioned by the official sayings.

 

Technical Specifications

We summarize the main technical features of the two high-level LTE mobile routers as below:

Model Huawei E5788u-96a Netgear Nighthawk M1
Category LTE Cat.16 LTE Cat.16
Chipset Qualcomm MDM9250 Qualcomm MDM9x50
Supported 4G LTE frequency bands Band 1/2/3/4/5/7/8/19/20/28/38/40/41/42   — Telstra Version: Band 1/3/7/8/28
— AT&T Version:  Band 1/2/3/4/5/7/12/29/30/66
WiFi 802.11a/b/g/n/ac, dual-band 2.4GHz & 5GHz 802.11a/b/g/n/ac, dual-band 2.4GHz & 5GHz
Max support users 32 users 20 users
MIMO 4 X 4 MIMO 4 X 4 MIMO
Connector for external antenna Two, TS-9 jacks Two, TS-9 jacks
App management Huawei Hilink APP Netgear Aircard APP
Dimensions 129 x 65 x 13.5mm 105.5  x 105.5  x 20.35 mm

 

From the technical specifications, we can see the two Gigabit LTE routers have very similar functions. The supported LTE frequency bands are different for various LTE networks in different areas. Here now, the Netgear Nighthawk M1 is available in the market and has gained very good reputation. The Huawei E5788u-96a(first released model) is not yet available. But we suppose it would be available son around the beginning of 2018. And who will be the winner, the market will tell.

Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 chipset will Be Available in 2018

Qualcomm has announced the Snapdragon 845, a new high-end chipset for smartphones, tablets, notebooks and other mobile devices. The successor to the Snapdragon 835 comes with improved processor performance, a faster modem and a better graphics unit. It is expected that the Snapdragon 845 will be used in various flagship smartphones with Android OS from 2018, for example, in devices such as the LG G7 or the Samsung Galaxy S9.

Octa-core processor

The heart of the Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 is an octa-core processor. This consists of two quad-core processors, each with up to 1.8 GHz or 2.8 GHz clock power. The associated main memory is clocked up to 1866 MHz (Dual Channel LPDDR4x). The performance should be well above that of the predecessor Snapdragon 835, so the chipset now supports, for example, the encoding or decoding of videos with 2160p resolution at 60 fps and 10-bit color depth in H.265 format.

 

LTE Cat18: Modem for up to 1.2 GBit/s

Of course, the Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 also has an integrated modem. While the predecessor Snapdragon X16 modem with LTE Cat16 installed, the Snapdragon 845 is now the Snapdragon X20 modem with LTE Cat18 on board. The maximum LTE speed is 1.2 Gigabit per second in the downlink and 150 MBit/s in the uplink (UL Cat13). The downlink supports 5CC CA, which is a fivefold channel bundling. In addition, the modem can downlink the 256QAM modulation as well as 4 × 4 MIMO on up to three carriers simultaneously. A maximum of 2CC carrier aggregation is possible in the uplink, and 64QAM modulation is also available here.

 

Of course, the speeds that can be reached on the end device depend not only on the modem, but also on the mobile network. In many coutries, few provider currently offers 1.2 GBit/s in its LTE network.

Snapdragon 845: more features

Other features of the Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 include display resolutions of up to 4K Ultra HD, both on the integrated display and on a possible external display. As a graphics processor, an Adreno 630 is used, compared to the Adreno 540 from the Snapdragon 835. In addition, the chipset offers native support for biometric authentication as well as secure mobile payment.

 

Huawei Shows LTE and 5G antenna

External LTE antennas have usually been noticed as rather large and not very shapely. The Chinese network supplier Huawei has now for the first time demonstrated a transparent LTE antenna at its Global Mobile Broadband Forum in London, which can be comparatively inconspicuously integrated into a window. The antenna is not ready for market yet, but it is worth taking a first look, especially as the frequency range is also supported by 3.5 GHz planned for 5G.

 

Of course, Huawei’s antenna is not completely invisible, but it can still be better attached to a pane of glass than the usual black or gray “antenna box”, which is customary with external LTE antennas. At least the antenna should be relatively inconspicuous. The antenna shown at the Global Mobile Broadband Forum and is still 450 x 240 x 0.11 millimeters in size, the final version will be significantly more compact with 300 x 200 x 0.11 mm.

 

The antenna amplifies a fairly wide frequency spectrum between 1710 and 2690 MHz and thus also covers the frequency bands B1 (2100 MHz), B3 (1800 MHz) and B7 (2600 MHz) used in Europe for UMTS and LTE. The gain is up to 5dBi. In addition, the frequency range between 3.4 GHz and 3.8 GHz is supported. The so-called C-band is regarded as the worldwide base spectrum for the next generation of mobile communications 5G.

When the LTE antenna will be available, what it will cost and whether a market launch is planned in Europe, cannot be know now.

 

Huawei E5785 LTE Mobile Hotspot Test

Huawei has launched the new E5785 LTE hotspot on the market. With not-high price, it still offers good facilities. The Huawei E5785 has an LTE Cat6 modem for speeds up to 300 Mbps in the downlink and presents information about the device and the Internet connection via a small display on the front. There is dual-band Wi-Fi and the battery should allow about 10 hours of operation. Today, we would take a test on this new LTE hotspot.

Appearance

Huawei presented the E5785 as a successor to hotspots like the Huawei E5377 or the Huawei E5577. Visually, the E5785 differs little from the aforementioned predecessors, technically LTE Advanced Cat6 but now arrived in the middle class. With the battery, a quick-start manual and an extremely short micro-USB cable are packed with the E5785 device. To charge, you have to choose an existing USB power adapter or any USB port on your PC or laptop.

The first impression of Huawei E5785 is good. For the test, the white version of the E5785 was available, but there is also a variant with black color to buy. The device is small and light and has two buttons: a power button on the front and a menu button on the side. The battery is replaceable; under the battery is the slot for the MicroSIM card. Good to know: Even NanoSIM cards with adapters work well when used with care. On the front there is a small rectangular display, which is easy to read and clearly displays important information.

Technical specifications

The Huawei E5785 offers the following specifications. Importantly: the exact model number E5785Lh-22c would work without any trouble in Europe. If you buy a device with a different model number, other frequency ranges may be supported.

Manufacturer & Model: Huawei E5785Lh-22c
technologies: LTE / 4G (Cat6) | UMTS / 3G | GSM / 2G
Frequency ranges: LTE FDD: B1 / B3 / B5 / B7 / B8 / B20 / B32
LTE TDD: B38
UMTS: B1 / B2 / B5 / B8
GSM: B2 / B3 / B5 / B8
CA combinations: Intra-band: B3 / B7 / B38
Inter-band: B3 + B5 / B3 + B7 / B3 + B8 / B3 + B20 / B7 + B8 / B7 + B20
Maximum speeds: LTE: 300 Mbit/s down, 50Mbit/s up | UMTS: 42.2 Mbps down, 5.76 Mbps up (using DC-HSPA+) | GSM: 236 kbps (when using EDGE)
WIRELESS INTERNET ACCESS 802.11a/b/g/n/ac to 867 Mbps | 2 × 2 MIMO | 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz | Up to 10 devices at the same time
Software in the test: Firmware Version:
Others: 2 x connection for external antenna (type TS-9) | Replaceable battery 3,000 mAh | MicroUSB connection

Configuration and software

Confirguration is simple and easy. After power on the device, you have to connect via WLAN with the Huawei E5785, then you can enter the SIM pin and set up by Huawei HiLink App (available for Android and iOS) or via the browser web interface (IP: 192.168.8.1). An assistant leads through the most important settings, so that even less experienced users should be able to cope quickly. The used provider is recognized automatically via the SIM card, and normally the APN does not have to be entered.

Further settings can be made in the web interface, for example, roaming for the use of the device abroad can be activated or the mobile network technology can be selected manually. You can store a data plan in the statistics menu and it is possible to send and receive text messages.

 

Huawei E5785: modem in the test

The modem of the Huawei E5785 left an ambiguous impression in the test. If the reception was good, the LTE hotspot delivered excellent data rates – in an LTE 800 cell (Volume 20) almost 70 MBit/s in the downlink and around 25 MBit/s in the uplink were possible. However, the reception was not always satisfactory overall and with poor reception, the modem also provided comparatively bad values: a Netgear Nighthawk M1 provides almost double times fast while a Huawei B618 LTE router even three times as fast. The mobile hotspot showed no weaknesses over UMTS, in this case the speeds were often even higher than the comparison devices.

To achieve the maximum possible speed, Huawei E5785 bundles different channels in the same or in different frequency ranges (see table above, “CA combinations”). In the test, the maximum data rate was about 200 MBit/s – significantly more will probably reach only very rarely, because the LTE networks of the providers are now often well utilized.

 

If required, an external LTE MIMO antenna can be connected to the Huawei E5785. For this purpose, two TS-9 connectors are available under a cover at the side. In the test, the use of a 40dBi LTE MIMO antenna with two TS-9 pigtails worked flawlessly.

 

WLAN with extender function

The WLAN of the Huawei E5785 operates either in the frequency range around 2.4 GHz or in the range around 5 GHz. The 802.11a/b/g/n/ac standards are supported with 2 × 2 MIMO antenna technology. Over 2.4 GHz are possible up to 300 MBit/s, on 5 GHz up to 867 MBit/s. In the test, the maximum connection speed was reached with an Apple MacBook Pro even at about 4m distance (line of sight), but as soon as objects or even a wall between hotspot and terminal are, the speed drops significantly. Overall, the range was neat, not better or worse than other mobile Wi-Fi hotspots. What was conspicuous: when using 5 GHz WLAN, the Huawei E5785 always needed about a minute after power-up to perform the DFS scan. During this time the WLAN connection was not usable.

Huawei has again integrated the WLAN Extender function on the E5785, as with many previous models. The function allows using an existing WLAN connection as Internet access, as soon as it is within reach. This saves data volume at the data tariff. The WLAN Extender must be configured once via the web interface or the Huawei HiLink App, but can then be switched on and off on the device itself via the menu and the power button. In the test it was noticeable that the speed was limited to about 15 MBit/s when using the WLAN Extender function. However, this is not only the case with the E5785, the sister model Huawei E5885 also had this restriction.

Battery and others

The battery of the Huawei E5785 is to allow about 10 hours of operation according to the manufacturer. In the test this was approximately achieved, with the operating time varies slightly depending on the application scenario. If you use the LTE hotspot in a train or in a car, where cell changes often have to be carried out, the battery life is slightly lower than for stationary use. The number of connected WLAN devices also has an impact on the runtime.

 

The Huawei E5785 does not have a MicroSD memory card slot. The site has a micro-USB port for charging and connecting to the computer. Even if no device is connected via WLAN and the Internet connection is exclusively used via USB: you can not completely switch off the WLAN.

 

Conclusion

Overall, the Huawei E5785 left a good impression in the test. The battery life is good, the setup was fast and the operation is very easy. Wi-Fi and modem worked perfectly in the test, the LTE speeds with weak reception but could be improved.

 

The Huawei E5785 has to fend off competition, especially from its own home: the LTE hotspots Huawei E5577C and Huawei E5377 are a bit slower and have a shorter battery life. A slightly more expensive alternative is the Huawei E5787 with a large touch screen and the Huawei E5885 with LAN connection on. Recently, Huawei released a new Gigabit LTE hotspot Huawei E5788, we suppose the price of Huawei E5785 would drop soon after the new model available on the market.

 

Huawei MS2372 — LTE Stick for the Industry

USB surf sticks with LTE modem were the first devices for the first LTE networks in 2011, with which you could use the new mobile network of the fourth generation. In Europe, for example, the Samsung GT-B3740, Huawei E392u-12 and the Huawei E398 were widely used. In the meantime, at the end of 2017, LTE surf sticks in the end customer sector hardly play a role anymore. Most customers want to use a LTE hotspot with WLAN and battery for mobile use and a “real” LTE router with LAN and WLAN function for stationary use as a DSL replacement. For industrial applications, Huawei now presents a new LTE stick: Huawei MS2372.

 

Huawei MS2372 Applications

According to the manufacturer, the Huawei MS2372 LTE USB stick can be used, for example, in mobile sales terminals, in vending machines, in consumption meters or in medical device. These devices require a connection to the Internet for a variety of reasons and can be upgraded with the LTE Stick as needed. For example, a remote update of certain devices is possible or a vending machine can report transactions in real time to the central office. The Huawei MS2372 seems to replace the previous old model Huawei E220 modem, which was widely used in various terminals.

To support different LTE frequency bands from various network carriers, Huawei also presents many sub-models like the Huawei E3276 LTE Stick to support these networks:

 

Huawei MS2372h-517:

* LTE FDD B1/B2/B4/B5/B7/B12/B28

* UMTS B1/B2/B4/B5

* GSM:850/900/1800/1900

 

Huawei MS2372h-153:

* LTE FDD B1/B3/B7/B8/B20

* UMTS B1/B8. GSM 850/900/1800/1900

 

 

Huawei MS2372h-607:

* LTE FDD B1/B3/B7/B8/B19/B28 and LTE TDD B40

* UMTS B1/B6/B8/B19

* GSM 850/900/1800/1900

 

Extended temperature range

For the consumer market, usual LTE modems work only in a quite limited temperature range. For the MS2372, Huawei has significantly extended this temperature range, the stick works between -20 and +55 degrees Celsius. The USB modem requires a power supply of 5V / 700mA for operation and is quite compact at 88mm x 28mm x 11.5mm. The weight is just under 50 grams.

 

LTE Cat4 with 150 MBit/s

The maximum speed in the LTE network is around 150 MBit/s in the downlink and 50 MBit/s in the uplink. This corresponds to LTE category 4. In addition, the stick is backwards compatible with 3G/UMTS and 2G/GSM, including the data accelerators DC-HSPA+ and EDGE. The following frequency bands are supported by the model MS2372h-153 designed for the European market:

 

  • LTE: B1/B3/B7/ B8/B20
  • UMTS: B1 / B8
  • GSM: Quadband (50/900/1800/1900 MHz)

On the side of the USB stick, there are two connections for external antennas under one cover.

 

Control via AT commands

The Huawei MS2372 LTE stick can be controlled via AT commands, in addition to the 3GPP TS 27.007 and 27.005 standards, extended Huawei AT commands are also supported.

Availability

The Huawei MS2372 would be available soon around the beginning of 2018. We would take test for this new LTE stick and show our report on www.4gltemall.com.